Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) :
It is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave.
CBT is based on the concept that your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle.
CBT aims to help you deal with overwhelming problems in a more positive way by breaking them down into smaller parts. You're shown how to change these negative patterns to improve the way you feel.
Unlike some other talking treatments, CBT deals with your current problems, rather than focusing on issues from your past. It looks for practical ways to improve your state of mind on a daily basis.
- is a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems.
- the process involves the following:
- •admitting that one cannot control one's alcoholism, addiction or compulsion;
- •recognizing a higher power that can give strength;
- •examining past errors with the help of a sponsor (experienced member);
- •making amends for these errors;
- •learning to live a new life with a new code of behavior;
- helping others who suffer from the same alcoholism, addictions or compulsions.
(also known as arts therapy) is a creative method of expression used as a therapeutic technique. Art therapy originated in the fields of art and psychotherapy .
Art therapy may focus on the creative art-making process itself, as therapy, or on the analysis of expression gained through an exchange of patient and therapist interaction. The psychoanalytic approach was one of the earliest forms of art psychotherapy.
This approach employs the transference process between the therapist and the client who makes art. The therapist interprets the client's symbolic self-expression as communicated in the art and elicits interpretations from the client.Analysis of transference is no longer always a component.
Current art therapy includes a vast number of other approaches such as: person-centered, cognitive, behavior, Gestalt, narrative, Adlerian, family (systems) and more. The tenets of art therapy involve humanism, creativity, reconciling emotional conflicts, fostering self-awareness, and personal growth.
The Matrix Model
is a style of treatment designed to aid in recovery The Matrix Model is a comprehensive, multi-format program that covers six key clinical areas
- •Individual/conjoint therapy
- •Early recovery
- •Relapse prevention
- •Family education
- •Social support
- •Urine testing
It's an integrated therapeutic model incorporating
- •Cognitive behavioral
- •Motivational enhancement
- •Couples and family therapy
- •Individual supportive/expressive psychotherapy & psychoeducation
- •Twelve Step facilitation
- •Group therapy and social support
An influential cognitive-behavioral approach to addiction recovery and therapy Relapse Prevention approach four psychosocial processes relevant to the addiction and relapse processes:
self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, attributions of causality, and decision-making processes. Self-efficacy refers to one's ability to deal competently and effectively with high-risk, relapse-provoking situations. Outcome expectancies refer to an individual's expectations about the psychoactive effects of an addictive substance.
Attributions of causality refer to an individual's pattern of beliefs that relapse to drug use is a result of internal, or rather external, transient causes (e.g., allowing oneself to make exceptions when faced with what are judged to be unusual circumstances).
Finally, decision-making processes are implicated in the relapse process as well. Substance use is the result of multiple decisions whose collective effects result in consumption of the intoxicant.
a psychotherapeutic approach to behavior change developed by Sigmund Freud and modified by his followers, has also offered an explanation of substance abuse.
This orientation suggests the main cause of the addiction syndrome is the unconscious need to entertain and to enact various kinds of homosexual and perverse fantasies, and at the same time to avoid taking responsibility for this.
It is hypothesised specific drugs facilitate specific fantasies and using drugs is considered to be a displacement from, and a concomitant of, the compulsion to masturbate while entertaining homosexual and perverse fantasies. The addiction syndrome is also hypothesised to be associated with life trajectories that have occurred within the context of traumatogenic processes, the phases of which include social, cultural and political factors, encapsulation,
traumatophilia, and masturbation as a form of self-soothing. Such an approach lies in stark contrast to the approaches of social cognitive theory to addiction—and indeed, to behavior in general—which holds human beings regulate and control their own environmental and cognitive environments, and are not merely driven by internal,
driving impulses. Additionally, homosexual content is not implicated as a necessary feature in addiction.
Recovery Houses :
is an interim step on the path to sobriety where people recovering from addiction can live in a supervised and sober environment with structure and rules, i.e. mandatory curfews, chores , therapeutic meetings and group therapy .
Recovery Houses must have :
1. Structure :
Halfway houses need guidelines and rules so that everyone living in the community agrees to certain expectations as a condition for continued rental. If rules are not in place, move on and find another housing alternative. Some things that help addicts and alcoholics in early recovery include:
- bans on alcohol or drugs
- bans on overnight guests
- cleaning standards
- evening curfews
- shared responsibilities
- wake up times
2. Safety :
Any half way or 3/4 way house needs to be safe. Housing capacity should not exceed local jurisdiction law. Neighborhood safety should not worry you. Fire alarms and electrical outlets should be up to standards. And physical threats from other residents should not be an issue. Be sure that the halfway house that you are considering feels and seems safe before entering into a contractual agreement.
3. Drug testing :
Halfway houses need to identify drug users from people in recovery and should actively use drug testing to protect its sober community. If the halfway house that you have chosen does not implement regular drug tests, or random drug tests, or drug tests when residents leave the facility overnight…keep looking.
4. Support staff
5. Personal accountability :
The best halfway houses look to support you in your recovery by requiring certain actions. These actions are not only healthy for you, but they are required in real life. Look for a halfway house that requires the following actions and keeps the community accountable to them:
- attendance at daily 12 step meetings
- attendance at halfway house meetings
- volunteer work
- working with a 12 step sponsor
6. Medical Care :
Both physical and mental professional help .